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Different Types of Stocks to Invest In: What Are They?

Types of Stocks

In the present era, people choose different ways to put up the money and earn from it. Simply put, it is called investment. Now, stocks are one of the best ways how you can reach financial success. If you are planning to invest a certain amount of money, you can choose to put it in stock. The stock market is vast and can give you a way to increase your money.

Now, if you do not have any idea about the types of stocks, this article can help you learn about them. With the proper knowledge about all stock types, you can cleverly invest and earn profits. If you are thinking about how old do you have to be to invest in stocks, get an idea that you need to be at least 18 years of age. For now,  go through the definition of stocks.

Stocks: Definition

Stocks Definition

A stock has multiple names, and people have made multiple definitions for it. However, here is the simplest definition. Have a look:

Stock is equity that a person can buy from a company and claim a small fraction of its ownership. You can buy a stock that has got some proportions of the company’s asset. The units of stock are known as “share.” This is the only reason many people call the stock market a share market.

So now, you can shift to the part that contains the knowledge-able facts about all prominent types of stocks. Have a look:

Different Types Of Stocks You Need To Know About

Here are the different types of stocks that you should know about. All these stocks are present in the market, and all you need to do is pick up the right one to invest in.

1.  Common Stock

Common Stock

Common stocks are simple stocks, and they are the appropriate ones for new investors. As an investor, you can get the right to claim a certain profit percentage of a company. This thing is similar to the voting rights that all citizens in a country get.

All common stock owners earn dividends regularly, but these are not fixed or guaranteed.

2. Preferred Stock

Preferred Stock

You can consider preferred stock to be the premium version of common stock. In this case, you can get the guarantee. As a result, you can expect to get a certain percentage of dividend as the market dissolves.

Moreover, the company is entitled to provide dividends to the preferred stockholders with priority. Due to the presence of a guarantee, the preferred stock often acts as fixed-income bonds. The cost of preferred stock is much more than common stock, but most investors tend to buy them.his can be an example of growth stocks.

3. Large Cap Stocks

Large Cap Stocks

Large Cap Stocks have got such a name as they have high capital amounts. Generally, all well-established companies in the world provide large-cap stocks. The amount of return also remains high for a large-cap.

The best part of a large-cap stock is its safety. Investors choose it as they remain sure to get the right ROI—all stocks with a market capital value of more than $10 billion come under the large-cap tent.

4. Mid Cap Stocks

Mid Cap Stocks

Mid Cap Stocks are quite similar to large caps, but the market capital value is lower in this case. You can consider it to be something between  $2 billion to $10 billion. This also has a guarantee, but all these stocks come from smaller business organizations.

Again, as the capital amount of the mid-cap stocks is lesser than the high-caps, the value of  ROI is also minimum. Most investors buy mid-cap stocks along with other types to diversify their market portfolios. They are surely the most undervalued stocks.

5.  Small Cap Stocks

Small Cap Stocks

Small-cap stocks have more or less the same characteristics as high-cap stocks and mid-cap stocks. The only thing about them is the market capital amount. In the case of small-cap stocks, the capital amount remains between $300 million to $2 billion.

Smaller companies sell these stocks to investors who are new to the market. These stocks can, at times, be volatile. However, these can also help to diversify the portfolio.

6. Blue Chip Stocks

Blue Chip Stocks

Any company which is a leader in its own field can give blue-chip stocks. In this case, the security on equity is maximum, and there are regular dividend payments. Mostly, the experienced investors put on their money on blue-chip stocks. The amount of investment is high in this case. However, the payout always increases. You can consider this as the most expensive stock.

7.  IPO Stocks

IPO Stocks

The IPO Stocks are given by the companies that have recently formed a public entity. The full form of IPO is Initial Public Offering, and it created a lot of buzz among the investors when it releases. However, the IPO Stocks are volatile, and they can ruin up due to the development of disagreement between the growth prospects and investment communities.

Any IPO stock can remain in the same condition for two to four years from the day it becomes public. Again the least period of time is one year.

8. Penny Stocks

Penny Stocks

The Penny Stocks are present in the market as one of the types of stocks as investors are eagerly putting money on it. However, in reality, it has a lot of negative characteristics. Every penny stock is of inferior quality and intense volatility. As a result, the risk related to Penny Stocks is always high. 

Still, most investors put up money on it in order to get a quick and high ROI. So, you get it that investors are always eager to take risks.

9. ESG Stocks

ESG Stocks

The companies which have a lookout to make the world better in all aspects give out the ESG stocks. Generally, these stocks are variable in terms of characteristics. All investors check the ratings before choosing them to put on their money.

10. Defensive Stocks

Defensive Stocks

The defensive stock is one of the best types of stocks to invest in. It is because they give the investor a stable dividend on a continuous basis no matter the condition of the market. So, you can always expect income stability while investing in defensive stocks.

Final Take Away

If you are a professional earning a decent amount of money, try to invest some of it in stocks. There are several types of stocks, and you can get the best returns when you choose the right one. The best you can do is gather some knowledge about stocks before you indulge in investing.

Frequently Asked Qeustions

Q1. What Are The 7 Types Of Stock?

Ans: The seven types of stocks are:
Preferred Stocks
Common Stock 
High Cap Stock
Mid Cap Stock
Small-Cap Stock
Blue Chip Stock
Penny Stocks

Q2. What Are The 11 Types Of Stocks?

Ans: The eleven types of stocks are:
Preferred Stocks
Common Stock 
High Cap Stock
Mid Cap Stock
Small-Cap Stock
Blue Chip Stock
Penny Stocks
IPO Stocks
Defensive Stocks
ESG Stocks
Value Stocks

Q3. What Are The 9 Types Of Stocks?

Ans: The 9 types of stocks are:
Preferred Stocks
Common Stock 
High Cap Stock
Mid Cap Stock
Small-Cap Stock
Blue Chip Stock
Penny Stocks
IPO Stocks
Defensive Stocks

Q4. Are There Different Types Of Stocks?

Ans: Yes, there are different types of stocks as they help the investors to diversify their portfolios.

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